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Preparedness of selected community residents in performing adult basic life support.


Rosemarie  C. Pachao,
Donna N. Bautista,
Danica Shyne R. Biagtan,
Shiela Mae D. Cabaling,
Chrestien Karl Vandyke T. La Madrid,
Trisha Fae B. Loyola,
Johnny K. Martinez Jr.,
Chellie Pearl T. Paas,
Diane M. Pacleb,
Jamillah Shane C. Salazar,
Ira Megan B. Sison,
Kathleen Andrea D. Valdez

Related Institution

School of Nursing - Saint Louis University, SLU

Publication Information

Publication Type
Research Report


Basic Life Support (BLS) is an essential skill that reduces deaths from cardiovascular disease if done properly and timely. The incidence of cardiovascular mortality has increased over the years which requires preparedness in performing BLS. There are no previous studies done in Baguio to assess the capacity of the residents in performing Adult Basic Life Support. A descriptive quantitative design was used. A self-made questionnaire taken from the steps of updated Basic Life Support according to American Heart Association (2015) and validated by two experts with a CVI of 0.915 was employed in the study. A total of 404 selected community residents who fitted into the criteria were selected through a systematic randomized sampling. Frequency percentage, mean and independent T-test were used to determine the level of preparedness and any significant variances among the variables respectively. The selected population is moderately prepared in the performance of BLS. The younger adults, males, Cordillerans, and those who had training had higher scores which indicates higher level of preparedness in doing BLS than the older adults, females, Non-Cordillerans and those without training. Most are not actively participating in community trainings and they solely base their knowledge on non-health related television programs which may show erroneous demonstration of the skill. Overall, there is no significant difference in the level of preparedness when grouped according to age, sex and ethnicity. The level of preparedness of selected community residents in Baguio City is inadequate. Residents still cannot perform the whole BLS procedure competently and readily as their skills and knowledge needed further enhancement. There is a need for concerned efforts between the government and non-government agencies to assist in the preparation of community residents of Baguio City for adult Basic Life Support which will aid in the reduction of mortality and morbidity caused by cardiac arrest in the community setting.

Recommendations: (1) For nurses and student nurses to help in BLS trainings and information disseminations during community duties. (2) For Nursing Research, more studies are needed on a wider scale to confirm results of the study. (3) For DOH, more community trainings in BLS to improve the preparedness of residents during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. (4) For the media to demonstrate the proper procedure through TV shows and radio discussions to reinforce knowledge as well the importance of BLS on a periodic basis.

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