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Perceived self-efficacy of public health workers in disaster preparedness.

Author

Marian T. Barrientos,
Rachelle Gay R. Pacial,
Rogelio T. Alod Jr.,
Rennel John A. Bonina,
Chayafonne Dimacje T. Dimacje,
Shaina Jane G. Espejo,
Speedy James S. Gonzales,
Rachelle E. Javier,
Charlene K. Mablay,
Pearl Aira M. Mesia,
Hanna B. Real,
Joybee P. Thiam,
Hillary Kate C. Uy,
Ross Anne Marie M. Valenzuela

Related Institution

School of Nursing - Saint Louis University, SLU

Publication Information

Publication Type
Research Report
Date

Abstract

Public Health Workers (PHWs) play a vital role in disaster preparation of the community and one influential factor on disaster preparedness, however less explored, is self-efficacy. Moreover, no literatures have evaluated the relationship between self-efficacy and disaster preparedness of PHWs. A quantitative, correlational study was done. It was conducted in Baguio City and included Medical Officers, Public Health Nurses, Midwives, Barangay Nutrition Scholars, Barangay Nutrition Action Officers, and Barangay Health Workers. Total enumeration sampling was utilized to obtain the population and included 300 PHWs. The Disaster Self-Efficacy Scale (DSES) by Nypaver (2011) and Disaster Preparedness Evaluation Tool (DPET) by Bond and Tichy (2007) were modified and utilized for the study. Mean was employed to measure the levels of perceived self-efficacy and disaster preparedness in terms of knowledge, skills, and post-disaster management, while Pearson's product correlation coefficient was utilized to obtain their relationship. Medical Officers have the highest perceived level of self-efficacy (µ=4.13) being very confident, while BHWs scored the lowest (µ=2.9) being fairly confident. Overall, PHWs were fairly confident (µ=3.24). Medical Officers scored highest on their perceived disaster preparedness (µ=57.75) being well prepared, while BHWs (µ=41.49) were moderately prepared. In general, PHWs perceived themselves as moderately prepared (µ=45.72). The Pearson's correlation coefficient of 0.366 with p<0.001 signifies a positive significant relationship. This implies that as the perceived self-efficacy of PHWs becomes higher, so as their disaster preparedness. Specific roles of PHWs must be established to identify their responsibilities during disasters. Training and seminars must be provided to equip PHWs in disaster preparation. Additional studies can be conducted that can tackle other possible factors like age, sex, length of service, and previous experiences as possible factors affecting disaster preparedness.

Objectives

The study aimed to determine the: level of perceived self-efficacy; level of perceived disaster preparedness on knowledge, skills and post-disaster management; and, the relationship of perceived self-efficacy and disaster preparedness of PHWs.


 
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