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Correlates of depression among older adults.


Cathlene B. Soliman,
Grace Hope S. Acance,
Kristine Joy S. Aquino,
Walter Edward N. Biason,
Charis P. Banawa,
Merly Joy B. Calawen,
Rojean Angeline B. Catbagan,
Camille M. Doria,
Nicole Jirah O. Eugenio,
Gelle Ernest Z. Jacildone,
Clarissel M. Javier,
Pia Alexa  C. Locendo

Related Institution

School of Nursing - Saint Louis University, SLU

Publication Information

Publication Type
Research Report


WHO (2016) stated that depression is prevalent and one of the most common mental health disorder among older adults. Due to the prevalence of depression and disabling conditions among older adults, it increases the risk of mortality and influences their quality of life. The study utilized a quantitative descriptive-correlational design. The respondents were 407 older adults from 22 barangays in Baguio City. The tool used namely the Geriatric Depression Scale and Older People's Quality of Life. The level of depression and the quality of life scores were analyzed by getting their mean scores. The correlates were analyzed using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. The level of depression shows a mean score of 4.23, interpreted as mild level of depression. Older adult's quality of life has a mean score of 3.89, interpreted as good. Furthermore, there is a weak negative correlation (r=-0.2680) between depression and quality of life among older adults. Based on the results, it shows that QOL affects the level of depression among older adults, if the QOL among older adults rises, the level of depression falls and vice versa. Therefore, majority of the older adults is not aware of the presence, and signs and symptoms of the onset of depression. In the light of the findings, the following recommendations are made: (1)Health care professionals and the government should work together to create programs that will help identify and assess presence of depression among older adults. (2)Another study to be conducted utilizing the Qualitative Design. (3)Future studies to expand this research utilizing variables such as living arrangement and presence of chronic illness.


The study aims to determine the level of depression, the degree of quality of life, and the relationship between level of depression and the degree of quality of life among older adults. 

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